by the President in the Name of the Congress, it is the highest honor
that can be bestowed upon any American. The men who wear it call
themselves "recipients" (not winners), for what they
received it for was not a contest...it was a time of terror and death
where their valor was tested, then recognized by a grateful Nation.
All of them feel that they didn't win The Medal...they RECEIVED
it. Frequently called "The Congressional Medal of
Honor", its true title is simply:
Medal of Honor was created in 1861. Today there are three types
of MOH: Army, Air Force, and Navy.
the first award of the MOH made March 25, 1863, during the Civil War,
through Operation Enduring Freedom (War in Iraq) there have been:
Medals of Honor awarded to our nation's bravest Soldiers, Sailors,
Airmen, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen and eight civilians
3,461 separate acts of heroism
by 3,448 individuals (including 9
of June 2, 2008)
of June 2008, there are 105 MOH recipients still with us: 30 - WWII,
14 - Korea, and 61 - Vietnam.
DETAILS ON ALL MOH RECIPIENTS GO TO SOURCES
CENTER OF MILITARY HISTORY- MOH
IS THE NATION
THAT HAS NO HEROES;
SHAMEFUL IS THE NATION THAT HAS THEM AND FORGETS
From a military monument at
HONOR RECIPIENTS PASSING / FLYING THROUGH PANAMA
A. LINDBERGH, JR. - U.
S. ARMY AIR CORPS RESERVE (MOH 1928)
Augustus Lindbergh, Jr.
U.S. Army Air
Lindberg began his aviation career after graduating from the Army
Air Service flight-training school in1925 at Brooks and Kelly
fields, near San Antonio, Texas. But, since the Army then
was not recruiting pilots, he was free to to find civilian
employment and the Robertson
Aircraft Corporation of St. Louis hired him in 1926 to fly the
mail between St. Louis and Chicago, one part of the budding
trans-continental service. He gained a reputation as a
cautious and capable pilot.
After a short stint with the air
mail service, Lindbergh dropped out to compete for a publicized
$25,000 prize for the first one to fly non-stop alone across the
Atlantic Ocean. After his historic 33 and 1/2-hour nonstop
solo flight May 20-21, 1927, from New York to Paris in "The
Spirit of St. Louis" (for which he was awarded the Medal of
Honor - citation below), he toured the United States in "The
Spirit of Saint Louis". For that feat, he was
awarded the Medal of Honor December 1927 by an Act of Congress.
Soon thereafter he flew to
Panama on the first part of a Latin America tour in the same
airplane January 9, 1928, after arriving from San Jose, Costa Rica
at Campo Lindbergh outside Panama City (named in his honor after
his historic flight) visited with Canal Zone and Panamanian
officials in Panama City and Colon and toured interior parts of
Panama. He departed Panama January 28, 1928.
Lindbergh returned to the air mail
service when Pan American Airways hired him as a technical advisor
to the President of Pan Am (Juan Trippe) to pioneer routes around
the Caribbean and Latin America. He inaugurated the
Miami-to-Panama air mail service February 6, 1929, when he flew
the first air mail to the Panama Canal Zone in a Sikorsky S-38
- PanAm S-38 Sikorsky airplane at Miami. Same
airplane used for Miami to Panama airmail flights -- Florida
- on airminded.net site
of first airmail from Panama at Miami Feb 13, 1929;
Lindbergh pilot -- Florida State
Archives - on
Lindbergh (center) at France Field, Canal Zone, in
1928 -- The Era of U.S. Army Installations in
Panama - France Field U.S. Army South History Office
document Jan 1996
On April 27, 1930, Lindbergh flew a
Sikorsky S-38-B Amphibian Biplane (registration NC 142 M) for Pan
American Airways, Inc. from Miami to Panama via Havanna, Cuba and
Puerto Cabezas, Nicaragua. In November 1930,
Lindbergh and his wife Anne Morrow Lindbergh (also a pilot)
inaugurated Clipper Ship service of Pan American Airways by flying
the new Sikorsky S-40 Flying Boat, Southern Clipper, from Miami to
the Panama Canal Zone.
By the early 1930s, there were more
than 100 flying boats operating between the United States, Central
and South America. Pan American Airways linked United States with
thirty-one countries in the Western Hemisphere.
For Lindbergh's subsequent career,
go to these web sites: Charles
Lindbergh: An American Aviator
A. and Anne Morrow Lindbergh Foundation at http://www.lindberghfoundation.org
Lindbergh: An American Aviator
U.S. Air Mail Service Pioneer at http://www.charleslindbergh.com/airmail/
Aerodrome at http://www.airminded.net/
The President of the United States
in the name of The Congress
takes pleasure in presenting the
Medal of Honor
Rank and organization:
Captain, U.S. Army Air Corps Reserve.
Place and date:
From New York City to Paris, France, 20-21 May 1927.
Entered service at:
Little Falls, Minn. Born: 4 February 1902, Detroit, Mich.
5, W.D., 1928; Act of Congress 14 December 1927.
displaying heroic courage and skill as a navigator, at the risk of
his life, by his nonstop flight in his airplane, the "Spirit of
St. Louis," from New York City to Paris, France, 20-21 May
1927, by which Capt. Lindbergh not only achieved the greatest
individual triumph of any American citizen but demonstrated that
travel across the ocean by aircraft was possible.
Citation and photos courtesy
of Home Of Heroes.com
page last updated: July
developed, owned and maintained by
H. Ormsbee, Jr. 1999-2001
RETROSPECT site 1999-2001)